Risk management is the most important thing to do before and during the OAA. The teacher/instructor is responsible for the participants. Risk management needs to be planned carefully by him. The teacher/instructor needs to be prepared for every situation, which is not an easy task. The teacher should have experience in doing these activities to anticipate possible problems. He needs to now the dynamics of the environment. Every kind of risk should be written down on the risk assessment template. He also should write down how to minimize the risk. There are different risks. Some can be predicted easily, others are hard to anticipate and have different impacts on each participant.
During the activity the teacher should always be alert and keep his eyes on his group to be able to control a dangerous situation quickly. To avoid risky situations which might be caused by a lack of competence by the participants he also needs to make sure that everybody knows what to do. The teacher also should have a plan, what to do if he cannot prevent/avoid that something bad happens, for example if a participant breaks his arm. So, the responsible person should consider a lot of things.